Build a Carpenter’s Box
A Handy Way to Tote Your Tools
By Monte Burch
In days past, most carpentry and trim or finish work was done with hand tools, and carpenter’s carried their tools to the site in a handmade wooden box. My dad, a finish carpenter who specialized in trim work and cabinetry, had several boxes with a variety of tools—one box for his planes alone. These days a great deal of carpentry and trim work is done with power tools, but a toolbox of selected hand tools is still invaluable. A toolbox also makes a great organized place to safely store your tools in the shop, as well as tote them to the job.
The box shown is a compilation of several boxes I’ve built, some from teaching 4-H woodworking, as well as some ideas from a few of Dad’s boxes. The box shown is made of white pine to keep the weight down. If it’s to be a workshop box, you might prefer to make it of a finer hardwood. The box shown is also fairly simple to build, but you could use hand-cut dovetail joints and other construction as a showcase for your work. The box is sized to hold a framing or carpenter’s square as well as a 2-foot level and a variety of tools.
First step in construction is to enlarge the squared drawing and create a pattern for the ends. Using a saber saw or band saw, cut the ends to shape. Note the sides are notched into the ends. Sand the cut edges smooth. Cut the top divider piece to width and length. Note it is 3/16-inch less the width of the end pieces. Fasten it in place between the two ends with screws or finish nails. The divider fits flush with the front of the tool box, leaving an open space in the back to allow for a framing square to slide down into. Cut the bottom and fasten in place with screws or finish nails. Then cut the back piece and fasten it in place. Cut the upper front piece and fasten in place.
The top divider piece has holding strips for several tools. This includes a strip fastened to the back edge, then a second strip set slightly over the thickness of the 2-foot level it’s intended to hold.
An Irwin Dovetail/Jamb saw is held in place in the front with a holding strip. This little saw is great for trimming jambs and other tight places. Install a pair of 1-1/2-by-1-1/2-inch blocks between the last holding strip for the level, and the inside edge of the jamb saw support strip. These have slots cut in their top edges to hold a pair of hand saws upright. The handle is a piece of 1-by-1, ripped from a 2-by-4, with its edges rounded with a router. Install with glue and screws through each end into the handle ends.
Bore holes in the back top edge to hold screwdrivers, nail sets, punches and other tools. Additional tool holders are built into the ends of the box. One end has a 3/4-inch piece with holes bored in it to hold paddle bits and pencils.
The opposite end has a chisel holder for wood chisels. This is constructed of 1/2-inch thick materials. Cut the front piece and lay it on a work table and then cut 1/2-by-1/2-inch spacers to go between the chisels. Position the chisels in place and glue the spacers to the back side of the front board and between the chisels with hot-melt glue. Add a 1/2-inch bottom to the holder, then fasten the holder to the toolbox end with screws or finish nails. Spaces between the saws and level holding strip can hold a number of other tools, including measuring tools, a stud finder and so forth.